The Arch of Constantine I was erected in 315 CE. It celebrates Roman Emperor Constantine’s victory over Maxentius on October 28, 312 CE at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge in Rome, and is the largest surviving triumphal arch as well as the last great monument of Imperial Rome. Plate 9 in Giovanni Pietro Bellori’s Roman Triumphal Arches (1690) depicts the Arch of Constantine.
The South side façade depicts Constantine at war, and the North side depicts Constantine conducting his civic duties. Plate 10 & 11 of Giovanni Pietro Bellori’s Roman Triumphal Arches (1690) depicts two of the Luna marble panels.
The medallions depict a successful lion hunt, a boar hunt, a bear hunt, and sacrificial ceremonies in honor of Hercules, Apollo, Diana and Silvanus. Plates 12 & 17-21 of Giovanni Pietro Bellori’s Roman Triumphal Arches (1690) depicts these Luna marble medallions.
Above images from Veteres arcus Augustorm triumphis insignes ex reliquiis quae Romae adhuc supersunt by Giovanni Pietro Bellori via Villanova Digital Library - http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:38641
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Joli, Antonio. Rome: View of the Colosseum and The Arch of Constantine. 1744-1748. Oil on canvas. Private Collection, n.p.
Kaisermaan, Franz. Triumphal Arch of Constantine Rome. 1781. Oil on canvas. Franz Kaisermaan, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg.
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